NetApp Unified Driver for Data ONTAP operating in 7-Mode with iSCSI

The NetApp unified driver for Data ONTAP operating in 7-Mode with iSCSI is a driver interface from OpenStack Cinder to NetApp Data ONTAP operating in 7-Mode storage controllers to accomplish provisioning and management of a storage-area network (SAN) block storage entity; that is, a NetApp LUN that uses the iSCSI protocol.


The NetApp unified driver in Cinder currently provides integration for two major generations of the ONTAP operating system: the current “clustered” ONTAP and the legacy 7-mode. NetApp’s “full support” for 7-mode ended in August of 2015 and the current “limited support” period will end in February of 2017 [1].

In accordance with community policy [2], we are initiating the deprecation process for the 7-mode components of the Cinder NetApp unified driver set to conclude with their removal in the Queens release. This will apply to all three protocols currently supported in this driver: iSCSI, FC and NFS.

  • What is being deprecated: Cinder drivers for NetApp Data ONTAP 7-mode NFS, iSCSI, FC
  • Period of deprecation: 7-mode drivers will be around in stable/ocata and stable/pike and will be removed in the Queens release (All milestones of this release)
  • What should users/operators do: Follow the recommended migration path to upgrade to Clustered Data ONTAP [3] or get in touch with your NetApp support representative.

 Configuration Options

To set up the NetApp Data ONTAP operating in 7-Mode iSCSI driver for Cinder, the following stanza should be added to the Cinder configuration file (cinder.conf):

[myIscsiBackend] 1
netapp_storage_protocol=iscsi 2
netapp_storage_family=ontap_7mode 3


Be sure that the value of the enabled_backends option in the [DEFAULT] stanza includes the name of the stanza you chose for the backend.


The value of netapp_storage_protocol MUST be set to iscsi.


The value of netapp_storage_family MUST be set to ontap_7mode, as the default value for this option is ontap_cluster.

Table 4.16, “Configuration options for Data ONTAP operating in 7-Mode with iSCSI” lists the configuration options available for the unified driver for a clustered Data ONTAP deployment that uses the iSCSI storage protocol.

Table 4.16. Configuration options for Data ONTAP operating in 7-Mode with iSCSI
Option Type Default Value Description
netapp_server_hostname Required The hostname or IP address for the storage system or proxy server. The value of this option should be the IP address of either the cluster management LIF or the SVM management LIF.
netapp_server_port Optional The TCP port to use for communication with the storage system or proxy server. If not specified, Data ONTAP drivers will use 80 for HTTP and 443 for HTTPS; E-Series will use 8080 for HTTP and 8443 for HTTPS.
netapp_login Required Administrative user account name used to access the storage system or proxy server.
netapp_password Required Password for the administrative user account specified in the netapp_login option.
netapp_storage_protocol Required The storage protocol to be used. Valid options are nfs or iscsi.
netapp_transport_type Required http Transport protocol for communicating with the storage system or proxy server. Valid options include http and https.
netapp_size_multiplier Optional 1.2 When creating volumes, the quantity to be multiplied to the requested OpenStack volume size to ensure enough space is available on the SVM (aka Vserver). This value is currently only used when ISCSI has been selected as the storage protocol to be used.
netapp_volume_list Deprecated This option has been deprecated in preference of netapp_pool_name_search_pattern. Backwards compatibility for this option remains, but this option will be removed in a future release of OpenStack.
netapp_vfiler Optional The vFiler unit on which provisioning of block storage volumes will be done. This option is only used by the driver when connecting to an instance with a storage family of Data ONTAP operating in 7-Mode. Only use this option when utilizing the MultiStore feature on the NetApp storage system.
netapp_storage_family Required ontap_cluster The storage family type used on the storage system; valid values are ontap_7mode for Data ONTAP operating in 7-Mode, ontap_cluster for clustered Data ONTAP, or eseries for E-Series.
netapp_lun_ostype Optional linux This option defines the type of operating system that will access a LUN exported from Data ONTAP; it is assigned to the LUN at the time it is created.
netapp_lun_space_reservation Optional enabled This option specifies whether space will be reserved when creating Cinder volumes on NetApp backends using the iSCSI or FC storage protocols. If this option is set to enabled, LUNs created during volume creation or volume cloning workflows will always be thick provisioned. If this option is set to disabled, LUNs created during volume creation or volume cloning workflows will always be thin provisioned. Note that this option does not affect the implementation of Cinder snapshots, where the LUN clone that represents the snapshot will always be thin provisioned. Valid options are enabled and disabled.
netapp_host_type Optional linux This option defines the type of operating system for all initiators that can access a LUN. This information is used when mapping LUNs to individual hosts or groups of hosts. For a list of valid OS types, refer to the Data ONTAP documentation
use_multipath_for_image_xfer Optional

If multipath has been enabled on your OpenStack hosts, then setting this option to true will permit Cinder to use multiple paths for increased bandwidth. Use of this option is also contingent upon a modification to the Nova configuration file nova.conf. The option iscsi_use_multipath = True must be added beneath the [libvirt] stanza contained within nova.conf. The inclusion of these options will not affect your OpenStack deployment in the event that multipath is not properly configured on your OpenStack hosts. Consult Recommended host settings for Linux Unified Host Utilities and Linux Unified Host Utilities Guide to configure multipath on your OpenStack hosts

netapp_pool_name_search_pattern Optional (.+) This option is only utilized when the Cinder driver is configured to use iSCSI or Fibre Channel. It is used to restrict provisioning to the specified FlexVol volumes. Specify the value of this option as a regular expression which will be applied to the names of FlexVol volumes from the storage backend which represent pools in Cinder. ^ (beginning of string) and $ (end of string) are implicitly wrapped around the regular expression specified before filtering.
reserved_percentage Optional 0 This option represents the amount of total capacity of a storage pool that will be reserved and cannot be utilized for provisioning Cinder volumes.
max_over_subscription_ratio Optional 20.0 This option is defined as a float, and specifies the amount of over-provisioning to allow when thin provisioning is being used in the storage pool. A value of 1.0 will mean that the provisioned capacity will not be able to exceed the total capacity, while larger values will result in increased levels of allowed over-provisioning.
filter_function Optional (see description)

This option may be used to override the default filter function, which prevents Cinder from placing new volumes on storage controllers that may become overutilized. The default value is "capabilities.utilization < 70".

goodness_function Optional (see description)

This option may be used to override the default goodness function, which allows Cinder to place new volumes on lesser-utilized storage controllers. The default value is "100 - capabilities.utilization".

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